It was the mid-1990s when aquaponics was discovered. It was developed to improve the farming of crops like cabbage, lettuce and many more. Over the years, the aquaponics system has been improved to support even high-requirement crops like cannabis. Cannabis is used for marijuana products like the CBD oil.
What is Aquaponics?
Aquaponics is the innovative combination of hydroponics and aquaculture. Hydroponics is a way of farming without the use of soil, while aquaculture is a method of fish farming. The aim of aquaponics is to create a self-sustaining system where plants and animals form a symbiotic relationship where both can thrive properly in one environment. The system can be placed either indoors or outdoors.
An aquaponics setup is similar to that of hydroponics. The only difference is the source of nutrient that will help the plants thrive. With aquaponics, the fish provides the nutrients for the plants. The wastes that the fish produces are brought to the roots of the plants by a pumping system. When the nutrients from wastes are absorbed by the roots, the purified water then goes back to the aquarium.
Aquaponics and Cannabis
A high-nutrient requirement plant like cannabis requires nitrifying bacteria which produces nitrates, phosphorus, and potassium to be a part of the environment where it will grow and thrive. However, cultivating these microbes may take weeks or months. To solve this issue, a system called the Dual Root Zone system was developed.
In a Dual Root Zone system, a pot is placed on top of an aqua clay pebble root zone. The top and bottom parts are then split using a fabric barrier. The cannabis grower can now put additional supplements for the plant through the top zone without affecting the fish farm. Some growers even place the top zone in a nutrient-treated soil for faster plant growth. However, once the ecosystem is deemed to be self-sustaining, the supplementation may be gradually lessened and stopped eventually.
When using aquaponics for cannabis farming, the aim is always to make a closed loop system that requires less supervision and maintenance. The most common issue is to maintain sufficient lighting energy, which is essential for cannabis growth. One way to solve this problem is with the use of full-spectrum LED lights.
The Benefits of Aquaponics with Cannabis Farming
- Aquaponics makes use of 100% natural resources that make it a perfect choice for organic cannabis farming.
- Aside from the cannabis that you will harvest, you can also invest in growing consumable fish like tilapia.
- Aquaponics is one of the fastest ways to grow plants because nutrients are absorbed easily by the roots.
The Disadvantages of Aquaponics with Cannabis Farming
- The use of aquaponics with cannabis requires the right knowledge and experience. Knowledge of both cannabis farming and fish farming are required to make the system work.
- Costly aquarium maintenance is one of the challenges with aquaponics. You will need an efficient cooling and heating system to make sure your fishes will survive.
Aquaponics is one of best innovations made to improve plant and fish cultivation. Its use with cannabis farming has become a break-through way to level-up your game. It has made way to make it possible to grow more marijuana and at the same time, create a self-sustaining environment that can be beneficial for everyone.