Property owners and managers are attentive in monitoring marine and wildlife on their property for different reasons. For some, it involves surveying wildlife and singling out problem animals, confirming the presence of a species, or as comprehensive as monitoring the mean number of young produced per female annually.
Furthermore, it involves assessing the success of habitat management plans by checking different responses of each wildlife species. While some animals are easily visible and heard, most animals seem to be nocturnal and unforthcoming, making it difficult to notice them.
Landowners tried various indirect methods to detect the presence of these animals. Fortunately, new technology and equipment have been developed to directly identify these hard-to-view wildlife animals.
One of the types of equipment that are supplementing and replacing human spectators are game cameras, often called as trail cameras or remote cameras. Here are some of the ways in which these cameras can assist in managing marine and wildlife:
An Effective Tool for Research
Game cameras can be used in research and management. They can be utilized in probing wildlife behavior and recording the presence and dispersion of various species. Not to mention, trail cameras can be used in estimating the population of certain species such as jaguars and ocelots. Recently, this tool is used to guess deer populations.
Game cameras let hunters scout multiple areas over the same period of time and track 24-hour activity at locations for particular game species such as the white-tailed deer. They also allow a way to record and scan rarely seen wildlife such as ocelot and bobcats.
Trail cameras are used for nest surveillance to monitor a wide array of bird species. Motion-sensing trail cameras are utilized to keep an eye on upland game bird nests in different areas. These allow researchers to scrutinize bird behavior, nest success rates, and nest predation.
Nest predation is a recurrent concern for ground-nesting game birds and a great cause of nest failure and adult mortality, particularly in northern bobwhites. These lead to diminishing recruitment, curbing population growth, and possibly unsustainable populations.
Game cameras offer an ideal remedy to this issue by firmly identifying each predator that visits the station at any time of day or night.
A baseline inventory of non-game species can be provided through the use of game cameras. Through these cameras, rare and secretive species like mountain lions or black bears are “captured” for photographic evidence.
Trail cameras can be used to record the existence of small-sized animals such as rattlesnakes and rodents. Aside from these, occurrences such as bird migration are captured by the lens and monitored. Managers are informed of the arrival of the migratory birds annually.
Aside from wildlife species, marine animals can be monitored by trail cameras. Underwater cameras are used to monitor different types of marine species such as fish, turtles, and other sea creatures. Through these cameras, the population and behavior of marine life are observed and possibly identify the cause of the rise and fall of the population of marine species.